Microbiology studies the biology of microscopic organisms such as bacteria, viruses, fungi and protozoa.
The most common microbiology tests are:
- Urinalysis: colour, clarity (clear or cloudy), specific gravity, ph, protein, glucose, ketones, haemoglobin, bilirubin, urobilinogen, nitrites
- Urine microscopy: White blood cells, red blood cells, epithelial cells, mucus, cylinders, crystals, amorphous salts, microorganisms, fungi
- Cultures of biological fluid specimens: e.g. urines, stools, vaginal-cervical swabs, urethral swabs, semen, sputum, nail samples for dermatophytes and fungi (eg. Candida)
- Antibiograms for bacteria and Candida species
- Stool parasitology